Surface water is the part of  the hydrological cycle that exclude atmospheric and ground waters and include overland flows, rivers, canals, streams, lakes, ponds, wetlands, marshes, arroyos, etc. Surface-water hydrology focuses on studying the mecanism and dynamic of flow in surface-water systems (rivers, canals, streams, lakes, ponds, wetlands, marshes, arroyos, oceans, etc.), including the relation between rainfall and surface runoff.

Surface water-Hydrology services offered by GHES include :

Desktop surface water-hydrological studies
• Surface water specialist investigations for environmental regulatory compliance and application:

  1. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
  2. Environmental management Plan (EMP)
  3. Water Use License Application (WULA)Mine closure
Watershed assessment and management
• Rainfall-runoff flow model and flood line determination
• Drought susceptibility and the development of the levels of risk
• Storm water management
• River flow and stage characterization


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